Common Vehicle Malfunctions

Resources

Common Vehicle Malfunctions

Issues

  • Car Fails to Start        
  • Engine will Not Start            
  • Vacuum Leak
  • Engine Stall        
  • Engine Makes Noise            
  • Engine Knocks
  • Battery Runs Down Often    Blown Fuse
  • Noisy Brakes
  • Low Brake Pedal        
  • Vibrating Brakes When Used        
  • Brakes Pulling to                        
  • One Side When Used
  • Power Brakes Not     
  • Steering Wheel Pulls to One Side                    
  • Steering Feels Loose
  • Responsive
  • Steering Feels Stiff    
  • Tires Wear Thin Rapidly                         
  • Tires Wobbly
  • Tires Vibrating        
  • Bottoms Out on Bumps



 

Preventative procedures

The number one way in dealing with and preventing auto malfunctions is to know your vehicles limitations.  Take time to become familiar with your car’s features, especially new vehicles where controls and locations may be unfamiliar to you.  The owners’ manual is an excellent source of information depicting locations, limitations and correct usage of vehicle equipment. 

Be able to identify the following warning lights and gauges on the instrument panel, and be able to determine the severity of the problem and correct response.

Warning Symbols

  • Temperature Gauge
  • Left and Right Turn Signal
  • High Beam Indicator
  • Battery Voltage Gauge
  • Service Engine Soon Gauge
  • Fuel Gauge
  • Brake
  • Oil Pressure Gauge
  • (ABS) Light
  • Air Bag
  • Alternator Light.

Drivers involved in minor accidents should move vehicles to the side of the road and out of the way of oncoming traffic or busy intersections. Make sure hazard warning signals are on, turn engine off contact police.

Prior to arrival of police operators can exchange the following information:  name, address, phone number, insurance information, policy number, driver license number and license plate number for the driver and the owner of each vehicle.  If the driver’s name is different from the name on the owners’ card or insurance information establish what the relationship to the owner is. Make sure you get the names of other passengers in the vehicle.  

Make a written description of each car, including year, make, model and color.  List the exact location (street names) and if possible photograph and document the accident. Photograph damage to all vehicles including intersections and cross streets.