Driving Lessons

Driving Lesson Options

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Driving Lessons

Driving Lessons from BMARC
  1. Students can customize their driving lessons by taking only the lessons they feel they need.  Please be advised that Lesson #1 is mandatory to establish the level of the students driving ability, i.e. parallel parking, high-speed passing, and merging.  Lessons are $60.00 per hour.
  2. The six hours of driving is broken into four lessons.  Students pay by lesson and are scheduled according to the student’s progress.
    1. Vehicle controls, push-pull steering, hand-over-hand steering, backing procedures using mirrors, introduction to parallel parking = 1 hour.
    2. High-speed driving, which may include state routes, turnpikes, interstates, lane changing, passing vehicles, merging on and off exits, rural driving and sign recognition = 2 hours.
    3. Parallel parking = 1 hour.
    4. Mock driving exam – Students can choose between Belle Vernon, Bridgeville or Washington testing sites.  Students will practice the testing course and park in the parallel parking areas at the DMV facility where they plan to test.  Parents are welcome to bring their car to the exam site to practice, and the instructor will demonstrate the parallel parking reference points = 2 hours.  
    Total for all six hours = $360.00
    Students will receive a certificate from the Bmarc School of Driving which can be used for insurance discounts. 

    Optional – $120.00
    Students can choose to have a driving instructor take them to the DMV for their driver's exam (students must complete all six lessons to be able to use the driver education vehicle for their exam.
     
  3. End-of-Course Skills Test (EOCST) is available to high school students currently enrolled in a school district contracted with the Bmarc School of Driving.*  The actual driving exam is administered during the sixth hour of their driving lessons at no additional charge.  The course consists of a pre-approved route in their school district.  Students are not required to parallel park for the EOCST.  Upon passing the driving exam, the instructor will stamp the student’s permit allowing him/her to drive on the roadways.  The student will receive a camera card within four to six weeks of passing their test.
*Qualifying students must also have completed the 30 hours of Driver’s Theory on-line prior to testing.  Online Drivers Theory Course = $125

For an extensive six hour behind-the-wheel driving course outline, browse specific lessons below:
The Instructor will introduce themselves to the student along with determining the student's level of driving experience.  The instructor will check for a valid Pennsylvania driver's permit or license prior to the student driving.  

Pre-Entry Procedures
  • Visual inspection of the body for dents, chips and scratches to vehicle.
  • Check windshield for cracks, current inspection sticker.
  • Visual inspections of tires for tread wear, over or under inflation, punctures or foreign objects imbedded in tire.
  • Check underneath vehicle for fluid leaks.
Familiarization of Interior Components
  • Safety, Communication, Comfort and Convenience Devices
  • Seat Adjustment
  • Seat Belts
  • Head Restraints
  • Mirror Adjustments, Both Sides and Rearview
  • Windows and Locks
  • Horn
  • Headlights, Low and High Beam
  • Turn Signals Left, Right
  • Hood Release
  • Trunk Release
  • Hazard/Emergency Flashers
  • Windshield Wipers, Delay, Wash, Low and High Speeds
  • Instrument Cluster, Tachometer, Speedometer, (MPH and Kilometers), Odometer, Fuel Gauge, Temperature Gauge, Warning Lights (Red or Yellow), Cruise Control
  • Gas Door, Hood, and Trunk Release
  • Heater, Defroster and Air Conditioner
Operating Vehicle Control Devices
  • Steering Wheel, Steering Wheel Adjustments
  • Gear Shift Selector, (Column or Console), (P,R,N,D,3,2,1)
  • Parking Brake, Foot or Hand
  • Ignition Switch
  • Accelerator Pedal
  • Dummy, Stabilization Pedal
  • Brake Pedal
Steering Positions
  • Basic Maneuvers in Parking Lot (Beginners)
  • Two Basic Steering Methods – Hand Over Hand, Push/Pull
  • Procedures for Tracking Forward and Backwards
  • Left and Right Turns
  • Parking, Perpendicular, Angle, Parallel
  • Braking Procedures
  • Depth Perception, Field Acuity, Checking for Blind Spots
  • On-Road Tracking, Finding Imaginary Center of Road
  • Reading Curb Line
  • Recognition of Traffic Signs and Pavement Markings
Review of Basic Driving Theories
  • Never assume you have the right-of-way
  • If you think you are capable of doing something dangerous, do not do it.  Example:  Pulling out into traffic without checking for other roadway users, speeding up to make it through a traffic signal that has turned yellow, changing lanes without checking blind spot
  • When a traffic light turns from red to green, always pause for several seconds before proceeding, always check the intersection
  • Do not speed up to a traffic signal that is turning red, release the gas pedal and coast till you need to brake
  • Approach all intersections with caution, always check for other roadway users
  • When driving, remember to always look as far ahead as you can and scan, do not stare.  If you look at something for more than two seconds you will head for it.  Everything is done at a glance.  Check for all road signs, directional lane signs, police or fire personnel, construction workers and temporarily erected road signs
  • Check your mirrors at all times, use peripheral vision
  • Demonstrate to student how to check for blind spot, first check rear view mirror, then side view mirror to the intended lane, check blind spot making sure to take a quick glance turning your head not your body
  • Never trust another driver’s turn signal.  You may think he is going to turn, when in reality his signal may have been left on unintentionally from a previous turn, or he may have turned his signal on early.
  • When turning onto a two, or more lane highway, always turn into the nearest lane.  Identify an illegal intersection where the lane being turned into is a designated left or right turn only and is less than 500 feet in length.
S.I.P.D.E. Theory of Driving
S=Search I=Identify P=Predict D=Decide E-Execute
  • Search front, back, left and right for any vehicles or obstructions.
  • Identify all other roadway users, i.e. cars, trucks, …
  • Predict what they might do, will it impede your intended path of travel
  • Decide your course of action – anticipate instead of reacting 
  • Execute your decision while remembering you can always alter your path
Emphasize to the student the importance of predicting what the other driver might do.  Always assume that the person driving the other vehicle is going to do something they should not do. 
(Example: a lane change in front of you with little or no space, pulling out in front of you, changing lanes or turning without signaling.)  By anticipating and predicting what other drivers will do, they will be better prepared to react faster to the situation

Stress defensive driving, which is a combination of scanning ahead, checking mirrors, using peripheral vision, checking blind spots and being fully aware of their surroundings.

Teach Students the Proper Way to Execute Turns
  • Right Turn – line dashboard up with start of turn, then begin turning
  • Remind students that when turning right, allow enough distance to clear curbs, yet keep their distance from oncoming traffic
  • Left Turn – line left front tire up with the center line of road, then begin turning. When there is no visible center lane, use YOU best judgment or paving line separating width of roadway
  • Remind students not to accelerate through the turn, keep speed constant and vehicle under control. Once turn is completed, straighten steering wheel and accelerate slowly
Teach Students the Proper Procedure for Hand-over-Hand Steering and Push/Pull Steering
  • Hands should be placed at nine and three (or lower) on the steering wheel.  Remind students of airbag deployment
  • Palms of hands should never be placed on the inside of steering wheel
  • Never turn the wheel with one hand
  • Never let the wheel slide back by relaxing the hands or releasing the steering wheel
  • Never drive vehicle using knees
Push/Pull Steering Method of Turning
  1. Anticipate direction of the turn, if the turn goes to the left, bring left hand to twelve o’clock on the steering wheel, allow right hand to slide, maintaining it in the same position, while gently pulling the wheel to the left.  Remind students to not jerk steering wheel, or make abrupt steering movements.
  2. If turn goes to the right, bring right hand to twelve o’clock on the steering wheel, allow the left hand to slide, maintaining it in the same position, while gently pulling the wheel to the right.
  3. Push/Pull method of turning can be modified to adjust to hand-over-hand turning after turn has been completed.
Residential
  • Students will be able to enter and leave the flow of traffic (pulling away from curb and pulling into the curb.
  • Students will demonstrate using the correct turn signal for entering and leaving a curb.
  • Students will demonstrate looking over shoulder for approaching vehicles.
  • Students will be able to use their side and rear view mirrors for approaching traffic.
  • Students will be able to identify traffic controls (primarily signs and pavement markings.)
  • Students will be able to negotiate intersections.
  • Students will be able to identify intersections with pedestrian crosswalks.
  • Students will be able to negotiate one-way and two-way streets.
  • Students will demonstrate blind intersection stops (double stop.)
  • Students will demonstrate a two-point turnabout on a residential street.
  • Students will demonstrate a three-point turnabout on a residential street.
  • Students will be able to plan ahead using the I.P.D.E. method.
  • Students will be able to interact with other roadway users (pedestrians, cars, trucks, busses, animals and bicyclists.)
Open Highways
  • Students will be able to control the vehicle at posted speeds (25, 35, 45 m.p.h.)
  • Students will have increased sighting distance and use an orderly search pattern for other roadway users.
  • Students will be able to select a safe gap for crossing or entering traffic.
  • Students will communicate all intentions to other roadway users.
  • Students will check side and rear view mirrors for potential hazards and approaching vehicles.
Expressway/Interstate
  • Students will be able to enter and exit off expressways and interstates selecting a safe gap to enter or exit.  
  • Students will be able to demonstrate matching acceleration speeds when entering the expressway. 
  • Students will be able to control the vehicle at posted speeds (55, 65 m.p.h.) 
  • Students will be able to change lanes left and right using correct signaling procedures to communicate intentions to other roadway users.
  • Students will be able to demonstrate correct procedures for a lane change and accelerate when passing vehicles on the interstate.  Students will demonstrate correct procedures for re-entering intended lane of travel.
  • Student will be able to maintain a constant speed when conditions permit
  • Students will be able to identify road conditions and adjust speed accordingly.
  • Students will be able to maintain an adequate space margin between their vehicle and other roadway users.
Rural Driving
  • Students will be able to demonstrate both speed control and position selection while driving on rural roads.
  • Students will be able to drive on roads with crowning pavement.
  • Students will be able to drive on unmarked, narrow, little or no shoulders, and various road compositions.
  • Students will be able to maintain lane position with limited sight visibility (sight and view to sides.)
  • Students will be able to maintain speed in limited space.
  • Students will be able to interact with other roadway users even though there is minimal traffic and traffic controls.
  • Students will be able to respond to limited highway conditions.
  • Students will be able to identify locations of hidden side roads, lanes, and driveways.
  • Students will be aware of sudden right wheel drop-offs, soft shoulders, and pooling water.
Business District/Urban Setting
  • Students will demonstrate the ability to reduce the risk of real and/or potential hazards in an environment that has a large volume of traffic in a business or urban setting.
  • Students will demonstrate driving on two and one way streets.
  • Students will demonstrate negotiating multiple traffic control devices.
  • Students will be able to negotiate multiple lanes of traffic and complex intersections.
  • Students will be able to drive in the maximum amount of other roadway users.
  • Students will be able to maintain adequate space margins between other roadway users.
  • Students will be able to select intended path of travel.
  • Students will effectively communicate intentions to other roadway users.
  • Students will demonstrate selective searching in relation to selected maneuvers.
  • Students will be able to interact with pedestrians in crosswalks and other roadway users.
  • Students will recognize restricted space and limited visibility.
Angle Parking Enter
  • Students will check traffic in all directions.
  • Students will check for all other traffic users that may be exiting a parking space.
  • Students will signal intentions early and stay out as far as possible from parked vehicles.
  • Students will stop when they can see the painted line of the space that they are entering.
  • Students will control their speed with a hard steer.
  • Students will center their vehicle as they creep forward with wheel straight.
  • Pull to within one foot of any object in front and stop (cement curb, building, etc.)

Angle Parking Exit
  • Students will carefully search around the vehicle and prepare to back.
  • Students will slowly backup straight and stop when they can see past vehicle on either side.
  • Students will continue to back with a hard steer in the intended direction.
  • Students will check the side of their vehicle on the same side of steering and their front fender is opposite of steering.
  • Students will determine when there is sufficient space to pull forward in a new path of travel.
Perpendicular Parking Enter
  • Students will be able to enter and exit perpendicular parking spaces.
  • Students will check traffic in all directions
  • Students will signal intentions early and try to move out as far as possible from parking space (8’ to 9’.)
  • Students will control their speed and creep forward slowly.
  • Students will perform a hard steer in the direction of the parking stall.
  • Students will center vehicle as they pull forward.
  • Students will pull within one foot of any object in front and stop.
Perpendicular Parking Exit
  • Students will carefully search around the vehicle and prepare to back.
  • Students will slowly backup at straight and stop when they are in line with the bumper of the vehicle on either side of them.
  • Students will continue to back with steering in the intended direction.
  • Students will check the front fender opposite the steering and the side of your vehicle on the side of the steering.
  • Students will determine when there is sufficient space to pull forward in a new path of travel.
Parallel Parking Enter
  • Students will search traffic in all directions.
  • Students will signal their intentions with a turn signal and communicate with brake lights.
  • Students will pull alongside the vehicle in front of the open space.
  • Students will maintain a 3’ gap between vehicles.
  • Students will align rear bumpers.
  • Students will shift vehicle into reverse, turn wheel to the right till wheel stops and back off 1/8 for power steering pump.
  • Students will back till coming to a 45 degree angle.
  • Students will straighten wheels.
  • Students will back up till vehicle center post is equal to rear bumper.
  • Students will stop vehicle and hard steer to the left.
  • Students will continue backing till vehicle is parallel to curb and stop.
  • Students will straighten wheels and pull forward, place vehicle in park, engage emergency brake.
Parallel Parking Exit
  • Students will back up straight and stop when they are approximately one foot from the vehicle behind them.
  • Students will put vehicle into drive.
  • Students will turn the wheel all the way to the left, check their rearview mirror, then side view mirror. 
  • Students will check traffic in all directions and activate a left turn signal.
  • Students will look over their left shoulder, if intended path of travel is clear, student will pull out slowly and continue straight.
Driver Evaluation Road Test
  • Students will be able to demonstrate correct entry procedures.
  • Students will be able to demonstrate the following:
    • Left and Right Turns Signals
    • Headlights, High Beams
    • Horn
    • Four Way Flashers/Emergency
    • Windshield Wipers
    • Brake Lights
    • Emergency Brake/Park/Shift into Reverse Gear
  • Students will be able to select a path-of-travel on one-way and two-way roads.
    • Students will identify limited space
    • Students will identify limited visibility
    • Students will correctly identify traffic control devices (signs and pavement markings.)
    • Students will correctly identify speed limits and maintain speed
    • Students will be able to merge into traffic
  • Students will be able to negotiate multiple lane intersections.
    • Going straight
    • Turning left and right
    • Identifying traffic controls
    • Maintaining a space margin
    • Maintain speed in a high volume of traffic
    • Students will demonstrate the correct procedure for entering and exiting intersections
    • Students will demonstrate crossing intersections
  • Students will demonstrate correct communication procedures with other roadway users.
  • Correct turn signals
  • Turning, stopping and passing
  • Making eye contact with other roadway users
  • Checking mirrors 
  • Parallel Parking
    • Students will demonstrate the correct procedures for entering and exiting a parallel parking space.